Preventing Dementia: Strategies for Maintaining Cognitive Health

14 Mar 2023 | Dementia Care

Dementia is a progressive and degenerative disease that affects memory, cognitive functions, and daily activities. It’s a devastating condition affecting the patient, their family, and loved ones. Currently, there is no known cure for dementia, but research has shown that it’s possible to reduce the risk of developing it. In this blog post, we will explore whether dementia can be prevented and what strategies can be implemented to reduce the risk of developing this debilitating disease.

Understanding Dementia

Dementia is a general term that refers to a group of conditions that affect cognitive functions such as memory, language, perception, and behaviour. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease, which accounts for 60-80% of all cases. Other types of dementia include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and mixed dementia. While the causes of dementia are not yet fully understood, research suggests that there are things we can do to help prevent dementia.

Prevention strategies for dementia

The good news is that there are ways to reduce the risk of developing dementia. Some strategies include making lifestyle changes, managing chronic health conditions, and engaging in social activities. Here are some specific prevention strategies that have shown promise.


Physical activity is an excellent way to reduce the risk of developing dementia. Studies have shown that regular exercise, such as brisk walking, swimming, or dancing, can help improve cognitive function and reduce the risk of dementia.


A healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats can help protect against dementia. The Mediterranean diet, in particular, has been linked to a reduced risk of cognitive decline and dementia.

Mental Stimulation

Mental activities such as reading, playing board games, or learning a new skill can help keep the brain healthy and reduce the risk of dementia. In addition, mental stimulation can help build cognitive reserves that protect against cognitive decline.


Getting enough sleep is essential for overall health and cognitive function. Poor sleep quality or sleep deprivation has been linked to an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia.

Managing Chronic Health Conditions

Chronic health conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity can increase the risk of developing dementia. However, managing these conditions through diet, exercise, and medication can help reduce the risk of cognitive decline.

Social Engagement

Staying socially engaged can help protect against dementia. Studies have shown that social activities such as volunteering, attending cultural events, or spending time with friends and family can help reduce the risk of cognitive decline.

Cognitive Training

Cognitive training involves a series of exercises designed to improve cognitive function, such as memory, attention, and problem-solving. In addition, cognitive training can help build cognitive reserves that can protect against cognitive decline and dementia. There are several types of cognitive training, including computerised training, memory training, and reasoning training.

Challenges in preventing dementia

While there is evidence to suggest that dementia can be prevented or delayed, there are still some challenges in doing so. One of the main challenges is the difficulty in diagnosing dementia at an early stage. Many people may not realise that they are experiencing cognitive decline until it has progressed to a more advanced stage. In addition, Genetics plays a role in the development of dementia, and some individuals may be at a higher risk due to their genetic makeup. Much more research is still needed to understand the best prevention strategies fully.

How Eximius can help

Live-in care is ideal for people with dementia who prefer to remain in the familiarity and comfort of their homes while receiving specialised care and support from trained professionals. Eximius’ carers are experienced in providing dementia care and can assist with a range of activities, such as bathing, dressing, medication management, and meal preparation. Additionally, they can offer cognitive stimulation and engage in meaningful activities to help individuals with dementia maintain their cognitive function and quality of life. For more information about how we can help you or your loved one, don’t hesitate to get in touch.